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Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Cameroon launches the physical counting of civil servants

Finance Minister Louis Paul Motazé
(Business in Cameroon) - From April to June 2018, Cameroon will proceed to the physical counting of civil servants. According to the finance minister Louis Paul Motazé, this operation will help rationalize the country’s salary expenses.
Indeed, during the operation, all the civil servants who are irregular in the signing of the pay slip because of either an unjustified absence, a resignation or unreported death will be identified and removed from the state’s payroll.
The minister also informs that the operation will be carried out on the whole territory by teams deployed by the ministry at banks, microfinance institutions and the accredited accounting firms. He also reminds that this physical counting is mandatory and every civil servant should participate or lose their salary.  
For the record, this operation has been prescribed by Paul Biya in his circular of June 20, 2017. In that circular, he instructed the physical counting of Cameroon’s civil servants during the 2018 fiscal year because the payroll was about CFA1,000 billion and the exact number of the country’s civil servants could not be determined. Also, in 2017, during an administrative investigation on 14,134 presumed fictitious civil servants, the ministry of public work found that the pay of 2,817 of them had been suspended since January 2016.
Sylvain Andzongo

Nigerian students killed by tree on Cameroon school trip

A falling tree at a wildlife park in northern Cameroon killed three students on a school trip, an official told the country's state radio.
"Following a tornado, a tree fell on to a group" of Nigerian students staying in Bouba Ndjida national park, regional governor Jean Abate Edi'i said.
Sixteen students were also injured and taken to Garoua, the capital of the Northern Region.
The group of 50 students and six staff were on a school trip, according to Cameroon state radio.
The park is known for its elephant population.
In February, six troops and two guides were killed at the park during a clash with heavily-armed poachers on horseback.
Source:AFP

Cameroon’s economy is showing early signs of slowdown, AfDB reveals


(Business in Cameroon) - The African Development Bank reveals that Cameroon, the strongest and most diversified economy in the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), has long been resilient to shocks, but its economy is showing early signs of a slowdown.
According to the bank, this is due to the negative impacts of the economic recession in Nigeria, the crude oil crisis which hits CEMAC and the security crisis in the Anglophone region. It is also due to the decline in extractive activities (because of the postponement of investments in extraction and production) as the consequence of lagging oil prices.
Despite this slowdown, AfDB forecasts that the country’s growth will stand at 4.1% and 4.8% in 2018 and in 2019 respectively (a bit behind the average recorded between 2013 and 2015 which is 5.8%).
The bank further reveals that this improvement should be mainly “spurred by higher exports to the European Union following an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) and increased energy supply due to new hydroelectric dams. Other tailwinds affecting growth include the development of forestry and agro-industrial value chains, as well as a reduction in imports in favor of local products”.
Brice R. Mbodiam

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Cameroon:Anglophone Activists More at Ease abroad


By Elvis Bichuh
Many English-speaking Cameroonians are now scared of returning home because of what is now known as the Anglophone crisis, which started in November 2016 with lawyers’ and teachers’ protests against perceived marginalization of minority Anglophones by the Majority Francophone-led Government.

   Late last year many Anglophones abroad staged peaceful protests across several countries especially in USA, Britain, South Africa and Belgium to draw attention to the plight of English-speaking minority, who have, for decades, complained of their marginalization in development and appointments in the public service of Cameroon.

   So angry were Anglophones to the extent that those abroad formed an Interim Government (IG) of Ambazonia, a putative country. 
The IG led by Sisiku Julius Ayuk,a computer engineer, had on September 22,2017 mobilized mass protests of English-speaking Cameroonians across the globe to embarrass President Paul Biya who  was addressing  the UN General Assembly same day President Biya was actually giving his speech at the UN,the protest marches were going on simultaneously.

    Undaunted, the IG pushed further by declaring on October1, 2017, the symbolic independence of Southern Cameroons, what today are the Northwest and Southwest Regions(the two English-speaking communities) of Cameroon.    
    The declaration of independence was followed by what was supposed to be peaceful demonstrations in the Northwest and Southwest Regions, but the protests rather turned violent, as there were bloody and deadly confrontations between government forces and the civilian populations. Several civilians were shot dead

   Then on January 5, 2018 came the news of the abduction of Southern Cameroons leading separatists among whom, Sisiku Julius Ayuk Tabe, President of the Interim Government of of Ambazonia.

   Their abduction reportedly by Nigerian state Security and detention in Nigeria instead provoked more protests by pro- Anglophone activists, and attracted condemnation from international rights protection organizations.

   At the moment in Cameroon, there are clashes between Government forces and ‘Ambazonian militia in several communities in Anglophone Cameroon, further fueled by the controversial deportation last January 29 of the arrested Ambazonia ministers to Cameroon. The Cameroon government confirmed the activists were now in judicial custody and considers many Anglophones abroad are discreetly or publicly backing the call for a divided Cameroon.

   The continued fighting between the Ambazonia fighters and government forces has caused not only the deaths of both civilians and soldiers in their numbers, but has forced many civilians to flee to safer localities and to neighboring Nigeria.

   According to the UNHCR, thousands of English-speaking Cameroonians are now in Nigeria for asylum; many others have been internally displaced.

Stories abound of Anglophone Cameroonians in the Diaspora who have visited Cameroon during this crisis passing through difficulty and torturing moments.

Franklin Forbinake Aroke
    Consider the case of Franklin Forbinake Aroke, now a fleeing SCNC activist, who had suffered in the hands of security agents in Buea, capital of Southwest Region of Cameroon, which town is also claimed by Anglophone activists to be the headquarters of Ambazonia.

    The activist told this reporter in a telephone chat, how he has gone through hell but vowed: “We shall continue fighting for the independence of Southern Cameroons aka Ambazonia no matter the torture inflicted on us and no matter where we find ourselves until self-determination is ours”

    Now an ex-student of NASPW Buea, Forbinake Aroke is said to have encouraged minority rights activism while as a student, thus having problems with the local administration.

    He  travelled abroad in 2017 ,but returned to Cameroon early January this year and on January 13  he was confronted by police in Fako over videos of Ambazonia’ protests discovered in his android phone.

“I must thank God that I was smuggled out of detention. I see this as a miracle especially as many others are languishing in jail” he said. “Now that I am out of danger, I can only keep thanking God. My family does not yet know my whereabouts”

   The SCNC, together with the Cameroon Anglophone Civil Society consortium(CACSC), was outlawed in Cameroon by the Minister of Territorial Administration on January 17,2017,on grounds that it was instigating calls for the independence of Southern Cameroons even when President Paul Biya has been  insisting  that Cameroon is “one and indivisible”

   With the ban on SCNC and similar groups their supporters are at risk of  being molested, tortured and prosecuted in Cameroon, especially as the Anglophone crisis persists.



Tuesday, November 28, 2017

Thousands witness Late Hon. Lisinge’s return to dust


                                         

 MPs, who attended the requiem mass, carrying Lisinge's casket to the hearse
By Christopher Ambe

Buea-Cameroon- “From dust we came and unto dust we shall return’, according to Genesis 3:19.
 So was the case with Hon. Lisinge Arthur Ekeke, a Cameroonian MP for Buea Urban, fondly called Manboy, who died on October 10, 2017 in Buea, after a protracted illness.
The late MP, aged 55 plus, was, last Saturday November 25, buried at his Bonalyonga residence in Buea .
    The burial, which was preceded by a funeral service at Presbyterian Church Buea Town, registered a huge attendance of mourners (numbering thousands) who included dignitaries such as Former Premier Peter Mafany Musonge; Hon. Emilia Lifaka, vice-speaker of the National Assembly; Dr.Humphrey Ekema Monono, Registrar of the GCE Board;Hon.Paul Meoto Njie,former Director of Cabinet at the PM’s Office; His Excellency Churchill Monono,adviser at the Presidency of the Republic.
Late Hon. Lisinge's picture being displayed
   The requiem mass was officiated by a college of Reverend Pastors. 
  In his sermon, drawn from Psalms 90:12 which says:”God teach us how short our life is, so that we may become wise”, the very Rev.Dr. Nyansako-ni-nku,PCC Moderator emeritus, challenged mourners to use any opportunity they may have to do good to others because life is so short and death is certain, noting that we shall only be remembered here on earth for what we have done: our legacies.
  “In a world where there is death, there should be no room for hatred”, the preacher said, adding that late Hon,Lisinge “held unto his faith as a Christian despite his ill-health but when God rang him ,he breathed his last”
   Rev.Dr.Nyansako-ni-nku opined that by his death, the late MP has been “set free from this evil world. We believe that he is now with God in paradise”
   Eulogies came from family members: Dr. Robert Tama Lisinge and Mrs. Estherine Lisinge Fotabong;Hon.Njume Peter-the deceased’s friend; the CPDM Central Committee ,the National Assembly’s Vice President Hon.Emilia Lifaka; the Vice-chancellor of University of Buea(where Hon. Lisinge was  a board member);from CMF president Luma Stephen and the congregation.
   All the eulogies pointed to the fact that the Hon. Lisinge was a model of a man: likeable, humble, respectable, resourceful, generous, a political guru, forgiving, fatherly and God-fearing.
   Hon.Lifaka,who led a delegation MPs to the funeral, regretted that the tough times the National Assembly is going through. She said Hon.Lisinge, was the 6th Member of Parliament who has died during this 9th legislative session. She said the demise of Lisinge was a huge loss to the entire nation, conscious of his resourcefulness and availability for nation-building assignments.
   Before the requiem mass,Hon.Lisinge’s remains were removed from the Buea Regional Mortuary and laid in state at his Bonalyonga residence where hundreds of mourners  filed past to view the fallen Buea elite.A day before there was Virgil at his residence.
The hearse leaving the church to the graveside
Lisinge’s sudden death brought to two the number of Buea Urban MPs who have, mysteriously, died in active service in recent memory.
  In 2012, Adolf Ngalle ,Lisinge’s predecessor did not complete his five-year term of office as MP for Buea when he took ill towards the end of his mandate and died.
Lisinge too would have ended his first term in November 2018, everything being equal.
 Manboy was said to have adopted humility at an early age as his guiding principle in life.
  His friendly and simple lifestyle, pundits hold, favored his election to the covetous position of the representative of the people of Buea Urban in Cameroon’s National Assembly on September 30,2013.
  Lisinge had defeated two other powerful candidates (retired senior military officer Ekeke Njuma Moses of the Social Democratic Front (SDF) and IT Engineer, Rudolf Ephungany Lyonga, of the People’s Action party (PAP) at the September 30, 2013 parliamentary election to become the Member of Parliament for Buea Urban.
This fallen law-maker obtained a Bachelor’s degree in law (LL.B) from the then University of Yaoundé in 1983.
   Before becoming Member of Parliament, Hon.Lisinge who held a CNCC Diploma –Multimodal Transport since 1985, was the Southwest Regional Delegate of Transport for 16 straight years (1998 -2013), performing his duties to the admiration of both the general public and hierarchy in Yaounde.
He reportedly stayed that long as Regional Delegate of Transport because of his professional dexterity, and the several ministers of transport under whom he served saw no need to transfer him elsewhere.
  In fact, Lisinge then as the longest serving regional delegate in the Southwest was Dean of the Region’s delegates for several years until November 2013.

                                 Career Profile
   After his university studies, young Lisinge was employed into Cameroon’s  Public Service as contract officer in 1986, precisely in the Ministry of Transport.
Working there, he was appointed as the Second Assistant Provincial Chief of Service, Land Transport, Bamenda:1988-1991; he later occupied the post of First Assistant  Chief of Service ,Land Transport,Bamenda: 1991-1997.
   In May 1997, he was transferred to Buea in the same ministry and he held the position of Provincial Chief of Service for Land Transport until May 1998.And from May 1998,he was appointed Regional Delegate of Transport until November 2013.

                            Lisinge, the political Leader.
It is said that once a person is well educated and has leadership qualities he can lead anywhere. And that was Hon.Lisnge. This Presbyterian Christian, as a CPDM apologist, gave his best in supporting the ruling CPDM in Buea and that in turn paid off: he was overwhelmingly elected as the President of Buea CPDM (Fako III Section) in 2002 for a five-year mandate. It is no secret that he was actively involved in political campaigns that ensured the victories of the CPDM in all elections in Buea and the reelection of President Paul Biya.
  As MP, Lisinge mainly used his parliamentary grants to support education in his constituency and donated didactic materials to over 45 primary and Nursery schools Buea subdivision.
 Conscious of the difficulties Basic Education schools encounter, Hon.Lisinge in 2014 publicly vowed at a ceremony to donate didactic materials to schools in his constituency:
 “I have decided to sign a pact with Basic Education Sector. This donation will become yearly until my mandate ends. I will continue to give minimum packages to schools here in my constituency”
  Even before becoming President of Buea CPDM, Hon.Lisnge had been Vice President of Buea Central Subsection. Hon. Lisinge  also served as Councilor of Buea Council for years.

                                  Other leadership positions.
As a devout Presbyterian Christian, Hon.Lisinge once served as Chairman of the Finance Committee of the Presbyterian Church, Buea Town.  A lover of football, Hon.Lisinge was one-time President of Prisons Club of Buea. He also served as leader of several other groups.
                                    Family Life
Hon. Lisinge was married to Esther Namondo, with whom he had three children; the MP was a very caring husband and father, and as such received huge support and encouragement from his wife, children and other relatives.
His Christian back ground transformed him into a generous man.
                                  Education and qualifications.
 Born on January 7, 1962 in Buea,young Lisinge  travelled with his parents to Nigeria, where he did his primary education at St.Mary’s Nursery School, Lagos (1966-1972: and part secondary education at  Birch Freeman High School ,Lagos(from 1972-9175).
Upon his return to Cameroon, this native of Buea-Fako, continued his studies at Presbyterian Secondary School,Kumba (1975-77) and Cameroon College of Arts and Science,Kumba (1978 -80),from where he passed his GCE Ordinary and Advanced levels, before enrolling to the then University of Yaoundé(1980-83),where he bagged a law degree.
                                       Hobbies
Hon. Lisinge was widely travelled in and out of Cameroon. He visited several countries such as China, France and Nigeria, South Africa) for varied reasons including professional ones. The MP loved reading entertaining and educational books; liked research and watching documentaries.
   Hon. Lisinge will be fondly remembered but missed by his dear wife, Esther Namondo Lisinge, children, father and mother, relatives, friends, colleagues and the general public.

 NB: This article was first published in The Horizon Newspaper,Yaounde,of November 27,2017








                                                                    

Thursday, November 9, 2017

INTERNATIONAL ARREST WARRANTS FOR ANGLOPHONE ACTIVISTS: LIKE A LEAP IN THE DARK

By Retired Justice Ayah Paul Abine*

To secure the issuing of international arrest warrants as Cameroun has done is the easiest of things. To get the warrants executed and the suspects extradited much less. The following is a random cursory look at some of the hurdles to surmount.

Cameroun must prove the existence of extradition treaties with the host countries of those to be extradited. In the absence of such instrument, the matter could well just rest there. Even where such instruments do exist, their enforcement is subject to several inevitable considerations:

(1) Are those to be extradited of Camerounese nationality? It would be recalled that by the Camerounese nationality code, you automatically lose Camerounese nationality upon acquiring foreign nationality. And the moment you have a foreign passport, you are no longer Camerounese. Not too many countries would readily extradite their nationals or the nationals of third parties to Cameroun.

(2) The host countries would also examine the institutional judicial organistion. In all civilized judicial systems, military courts commonly called court martial do not try civilians. The situation in Cameroun being as it is, the host countries cannot assure themselves that those to be extradited would get fair and impartial trials within international norms.


(3) The crimes alleged committed must be criminal offences within the laws of the host countries. Applications for extradition are otherwise rejected.
(4) Some host countries sometimes do affirm that it is competent of their legal systems to hear and determine the “accusations” leveled against those resident within their borders.


Other considerations include the status of the persons concerned in international law. Where all the foregoing considerations are satisfied, the host countries would still invoke the status of the suspects. In international law, no refugee; no-one granted political asylum; no-one fleeing political persecution can be extradited.

Again, morality comes into play. Countries there are that have abolished the death sentence. No such country would extradite someone to Cameroun to be sentenced to death by a judicial system that has failed to prove its mettle before the international community. Let alone through fictitious judicial process by court martial.

If all is smooth and the host country grants the application to extradite, the interested party still reserves the right to fight the decision to extradite in the courts of the host country; and that includes the right to avail oneself of the right to appeal. In the result, this can take years –a decade or even more.

The chances of Cameroun succeeding have dwindled considerably by its own rogue conduct. It is a notorious fact that the world body (UNO), the Commonwealth, the Francophonie and others have all called for dialogue over and over again. Cameroun has ignored them consistently with cowboy grin. And the very Cameroun now turns to the member states of those very organizations to seek favours! The latter will simply invoke the principle of reciprocity in international diplomatic relations to turn down Camerounese requests.

One may daresay then that the Lord Chancellor Asshia Tshiroma did not counsel himself well. And that the legal advisers at the Presidency may have done their homework quite slightly lightly. The net result is that the hosanna about the issue of international arrest warrants may hopelessly end up like a high-sounding NOTHING. 

Had we only been wise enough to heed the repeated calls for DIALOGUE!

Justice Ayah Paul Abine,recently retired from Cameroon Civil Service.Until his retirement he was Deputy Attorney-General at the Country's Supreme Court

Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Anglophone Crisis : Barrister Ekontang Elad Speaks Out !

Barrister Sam Ekontang Elad .Photo Credit:Chris Ambe

*In the following exclusive interview,Barrister Sam Ekontang Elad,who was  Chairman of the All-Anglophone Conference(AAC1) & AAC2 of 1993 and 1994 in Cameroon,  advises Anglophones to speak with one voice.

* The pioneer Southern Cameroons National Council (SCNC) chairman also urges Anglophones to keep mounting pressure on President Paul Biya and be ready for a long walk.

*He says AAC3 will be time to tell the Biya regime that"if you don't act ,as they were saying in the '90s, then the Zero option would fit in"

*Says he’s still ready to support the Anglophone Struggle. 

Barrister Elad sat down for this exclusive interview with The Horizon's Contributing Editor, Christopher Ambe Shu, last week.

Excerpts:

   Barrister Sam Ekontang Elad, you were the chairman of the April 1993 All-Anglophone Conference (AAC) and later pioneer Chairman of the Southern Cameroons National Council (SCNC), now outlawed in Cameroon. You have been following the Anglophone crisis now for close to a year. What is your understanding of this crisis?    

Barrister Elad: Thank you very much Mr.Ambe.The problems we are facing today are not new. I would say they stem from the late appreciation of the problems which existed since 1961. You remember the AAC complains bitterly about the marginalization of Anglophones in this country. We had the Buea Declaration, which spoke adequately then of the position of Anglophones. And that document is still very relevant today. So the whole problem relates to the marginazation of the English-speaking people of Cameroon. And it has resurfaced maybe because the President of the Republic has realized -if he had not realized before now, that there is, in fact, the marginalization of Anglophones.

The AAC of 1993 had as its main purpose to adopt a common Anglophone stand in view of an announced Constitutional reform, which would help make Anglophones feel more at home in Cameroon. Could you remind our readers of the position the Conference adopted and how far it was implemented?

Permit me to say the AAC was not meant to necessarily narrow Anglophones to take a single position on the constitution. That conference spoke of the total subjugation of a people who had freely joined the Republic of Cameroon and these Southern Cameroons people had been subjected to discrimination and they have been reduced to the level of second-class citizens. In fact, the AAC was a statement to say No to what Francophone Cameroonians were/are doing to Anglophones was/is wrong and totally contrary to the spirit of reunification-which was that of equal partners in status was.

I understand that the AAC came out with some resolutions which you intended to implement. How far did you go about that? In a nutshell, what was the Buea Declaration?
 
It is a document that details the points of discrimination Anglophones can point to and say this is why we feel aggrieved. They listed for example that, in the whole of the country almost all the divisions are headed by Francophone SDO’s.They brought out the fact that, at the time none of the important ministries had be headed by an Anglophone. It was a document that is still relevant today. It would be useful for every Cameroonian to have a copy of that document and realize that what we are saying now is the same thing compatriots had said in 1993.

 Would you say the Buea Declaration has ever been taken with seriousness by the Biya Government?

I don’t think. What happened at the time was a strong expression by Anglophones that we should have a system of government that is federal in character; a government that would take cognizance of the existence of Francophone and Anglophone ways of doing things. In fact, that this country is a product of Anglophones-the British way of doing things and the French colonial heritage. What has happened, to the best of my knowledge and I guess to the best of yours, is the persistent pursuit of the French way of doing things to the total detriment of the Anglophone-Anglo-Saxon culture.

And do you think, with the on-going crisis which seems to be deepening, the Biya Government can now reverse this ugly trend?

The spirit of reunification was that we should come together, adopt that which was good in the French culture inherted and do same with the British culture inherited, and see how to create better nation.Today, this is not what has happened! I am absolutely convinced that the problems today reflect the persistent insistence by the Francophone Regime of implementing and toeing the line of the French cause.

 Politically,you are conscious. I don’t doubt that. Why do you think Anglophones are treated as a subjugated people instead of partners of equal status, as it was supposed to be by the successive Francophone regimes?

I have two opinions. One is that the authorities that designed the state of the Republic of Cameroon in 1960 had no conception that we would ever be part of La Republique. As a result, every thing they are doing take the position that If they we joined them we must do things their way.
The other position could be that Anglophone Cameroon is naturally wealthy. And you know when a country colonizes another which is very rich, it tries to take all the wealth, and suppresses the indigenes of the area it has colonized from making a noise otherwise, they too would want to benefit from the resources West Cameroon has.

I understand you gave up the leadership of this Anglophone struggle long time ago but you still believe in the cause. How close you are to the present leadership; some of the leaders want a federation and others want nothing less than an outright independence for Anglophones? Have they been contacting you for advice?

I would say no. But we get in touch. I get their view points; sometimes I meet some of the leadership and they express to me some of their ideas. But closeness, in the formal sense that they come to say ‘OK Senior citizen or dear elder brother, what do you think we should do hear? This has not happened; but from time to time members of the new generation elite, the new leaders of the Anglophone struggle reach me and we converse. You know some news media make public my ideas concerning this country.

But why can’t you as the pioneer leader SCNC and the chair of the 1993 AAC invite them and give them some good advice?

Mr.Ambe, we must appreciate that all of us get old and there is a point where you let the young ones carry the struggle forward. Whenever I have the opportunity I do suggest what should be done. But the time has passed when I should come forward and say this is how it should be.
Human life is dynamic, it is creative and you know the new generation is moving forward. Let it be that way.

Should they come to you formally, are you going to give them your support?

There is no doubt about that. It is not if they come. I am there ready to give the support!

The 1993 AAC, which you chaired, was boycotted by the then Anglophone Prime Minister (Achidi Achu) and other Anglophone Members of Government. I hear talk about the need for another all-Anglophone conference. If such a conference were to hold today would you advise Anglophone members of Government, who are so silent about this struggle as if they have taken an oath of sealed lips, to participate effectively and not be pretentious?

I would beg to differ with the proposition you have made.Mr. Benjamin Itoe was very much one of the members of the document we produced for the AAC.  So, one can’t say all Anglophone ministers stayed away.Mr.Achidi Achu,in Bamenda during AAC2 presented the leadership of the AAC with a goat. One can understand with his position as Prime Minister he could not come down and say this or that. I know that he gave his support behind-the- scene that we should go ahead, but not to jeopardize anything he may have stood for. I want to say this:it could be me or you. If you are appointed a minister today circumstances would compel you to stand up and say” Oh, Cameroon is one and Indivisible.” The system that has been created compels ministers to be loyal otherwise they would be expelled.

You know we have been plunged into this crisis because people have been pretending. People who are supposed to be our leaders or true representatives see black and say it is white for selfish interests. What is wrong if people are true to themselves?   

 People have different approaches to solving problems. I think the approach they (Anglophone Ministers) took was that let them advise from the rear. I don’t see anything wrong with that. You wouldn’t expect the Members of Government to come up and advocate for “Zero option”. I can’t negate them or say they acted in bad faith.

We had ACC1 and AAC2. Do you think there is need for another All-Anglophone Conference now?

Yes, there is that need! That must be said without equivocation. In the 1990s when we said all- Anglophone conference we probably did not mean it to be all-embracing as it should be today. There is absolute need that Anglophones should speak with one voice. AAC I and II were spectacular demonstrations of needs among Anglophone people. At the time the resistance was not so much. But today the consciousness has grown among our people, that such a conference, were it to hold, I think that it would make a serious statement to Yaounde-that enough is enough.

But these are the same problems that were articulated in the 1990s and we still have the same government?

Yes but there will be a new voice, a new determination, a new fire behind the conference to stand up and say to the government, “Look, these are our problems if you don’t act, as they were saying in the 90s then  the Zero option would fit in.”
We have to learn to see what is happening in the rest of the world. In Spain, you have the Catalans and the Government in Madrid. You see Catalonia declared the zero option-that Catalonia would become an independent state…they understand the consequences.
Ok,here in Cameroon the people who would want to adopt the zero option should be bold enough; they should stand up and say this is what we want..
Although as an individual I am not so sure that the zero option would be the best solution, because it is good to be united, but I can see that producing results. Some people there in East Cameroon would say,” Eh, take care. Our brothers over there feel so desperate and angry that they are prepared to go independent”. It could bring a change.

Don’t you think there will be a total crack down on the activists? The people have no arms.

I think people, I am talking of West Cameroonians should look at what is happening elsewhere and learn. Nobody would urge the Catalans to go about carrying weapons. There is no need to waste lives or spill blood. If the pressure mounts-look at what happened in Eritrea, in several countries, South Sudan. These are examples. If the pressure is put on the existing government, the consciousness of the government would certainly bring about the needed change.
But the point I want my compatriots to note is that, when ministers say “Cameroon is one and indivisible,” they are bound by their positions to say such. That does not mean the other side should relent. They should keep mounting pressure because somewhere along the line there will be exchange of ideas.

In 1961, Southern Cameroons through a UN-supervised plebiscite freely chose to enter into a political union with La Republique du Cameroon.  Article 102 of the UN Charter says that any union treaty must be registered with the Secretariat of the UN and published by it for it to be binding. This was not respected.
Can La Republique du Cameroun, which became independent in 1960 and is a member of the UN rightfully claim sovereignty over Southern Cameroons without a union treaty?

The issue of legalistic interpretation is there .Yes there was no binding union treaty. They (La Republique du Camerooun) have moved in to this side of the country and captured it. We could resist; but for some now we have been regarded as part of one nation. The way to solve that problem is either to bring to bear pressure on the Yaounde regime to appreciate the fact that the terms of cohabitation are not equitable or this element of dragging us as second-class citizens must stop.

This year-old Anglophone crisis sometimes has been characterized by violence, vandalism and school boycott. What is your take on that?

I think that all the measures that have been taken by the aggrieved populations are in order. They may not be right, just or prudent but you see these are an angry people expressing their frustrations. In some villages you ask school children why they are not going to school and they tell you we don’t want this French system of doing things. You see this Anglophone struggle is being planted in the minds of children. There is no way Yaoundé can escape from the reality: that we deserve our nation!

What advice would you give to President Biya and his Government, which appear to be silent on this matter?

I would not say President Biya has been totally quiet. To a certain extent he may have triggered partially the crisis, when he came up and publicly acknowledged that there is an Anglophone problem. You see before his acknowledgement it would have been almost treasonable for someone in Yaoundé to say there is an Anglophone problem. The fact he did acknowledge it in a way told the world that there is, indeed, a problem.
Perhaps, it is a strategy on his part to remain quiet; perhaps it is a failure to appreciate the magnitude of the problem. But the struggle is beyond one man; beyond the President of the country. Whether they like it or not, the march of history is set.

Some pundits blame the UN  for plunging Anglophones into this crisis. Do you buy this opinion?

When I was chairman of the SCNC we led a delegation to UN.At the time the UN scribe was Boutros Boutros Ghali       .We summoned late Dr. John Ngu Forcha and Honourable Solomon Tandeng Muna to come join us at the UN,so that with their own voices they could tell world that what they bargained to enter for in 1960-1 was not exactly what was on the ground and they were asking the UN to step in and do something. The UN is a multinational organization-that is to say they act upon the consensus of member countries. No one country can take up the issues and impose on others. The UN Secretary-General can not say Cameroon has burning problems, so let us send troops there. It has to be decided by the Security Council. So for the UN to step in the people of Southern Cameroons must agitate sufficiently to trigger the UN to know that there is a crisis here that needs a resolution, that  is a threat to peace. And I think that when Anglophones demonstrate they, in fact, are doing the right thing to say “Look, there is a problem. United Nations if you want us to die like the massacre in Rwanda Ok your conscience will judge you. It is not that after events have taken place then you come and say there was problem. What were you doing now?

What is your reaction to the Government use of excessive force on Anglophones activists, marching peacefully, on September 22 and October 1, which resulted to deaths?

I must say the death of any citizen in this matter is highly regretted; it is unfortunate. But there is something Americans call collateral damage-that is to say if there is a struggle and you want to achieve an end it is not necessarily the point you are targeting that become the focal point, there is collateral damage, other issues that are not necessarily  in the focal point could be damaged. Now the Anglophones came out; I am happy they did; I praise their bravery. Should I say they were wrong? No, because they are doing the inevitable; it touches their souls. I am not saying they should go carry guns .They knew what they had to do and the Government too has its obligation to maintain law and order. It is dynamic which could result to something.

Barrister the present Anglophone leadership seems divided. If you are given the opportunity to convene another AAC, would you accept the offer?

The issue of the leadership-I must appreciate that there is a leadership vacuum. I know a number of my friends hold that leadership is not an issue. There is a vacuum. But would I as an individual imagine that I can aspire to that challenging position of leadership? I doubt. First of all, age! Secondly there are dynamic young men knowledgeable in these things than somebody who is approaching permanent retirement. We need a young person in his 40s or 50s.But I will support whatever they say that leads us to the struggle.
                      
What was supposed to be the goal of the SCNC, which is now outlawed in Cameroon? Was it for outright secession or for the restoration of the state of west Cameroon?
I would tell because I was the leader of the SCNC at creation. The SCNC was formed in 1994 in Buea. We had a meeting here in Buea and we had a colleague who was working with an international organization, who said “Look, let us put this thing in the cloak of a freedom struggle”. And we resolved in that meeting to change from All-Anglophone Conference(AAC) to SCNC, aimed at restoring Southern Cameroons.

Was SCNC for secession, because the Government of Cameroon tags it as such?

No. It was not for outright secession.Now the question of secession was employed as a tactic to tell the Government that our people would be prepared to go to that extent –the zero option, if Government did not pay attention to legitimate cries of Anglophones.
I would say that since then the situation has worsened; the legal situation deplorable; it has gotten worse so that things have not moved forward.

Now what would you propose as the way forward, to get us out of this crippling crisis?

Anglophones have been in a state of agitation for almost a year. I would caution Anglophone against hoping for instant remedies; they should note that this struggle can last for years; You see the people in Palestine have been fighting for their rights since 1948;so Anglophones must be prepared for a long walk, so that with faith, inevitably their aspirations would come; there should be no fear, no relenting back; this issue they are fighting for is self-evident; So let nobody try to say,” Look, give up. When will it come?” They should continue in this path and as they see things improving, they should intensify the pressure.

(NB:This interview was first published as lead story in The Horizon Newspaper,Yaounde-Cameroon,of  Monday November 6,2017)


                                                                            
                                                                                              


                                                                                          

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